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International Diabetes Federation
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The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) is a federation dedicated to working with its member associations to enhance the lives of people affected by diabetes mellitus, a condition characterized by impaired carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism due to deficient production or action of insulin. In type I diabetes, little or no insulin is produced, resulting in an abrupt onset of such symptoms as abnormal thirst, excessive urination, extreme fatigue, constant hunger, blurred vision, irritability, and additional symptoms and findings. This condition, which usually becomes apparent during childhood or adolescence, requires administration of insulin. Type II diabetes, is characterized by insufficient production of insulin, causing a gradual onset of fatigue, blurred vision, unusual thirst, frequent urination, and other abnormalities. This condition typically becomes apparent during adulthood and may often be controlled through diet, routine exercise, and oral medications. The International Diabetes Federation was established in 1950 and has evolved into an umbrella organization consisting of 185 national associations in 145 countries.
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