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NORD is very grateful to Peter F. Whitington, MD, the Sally Burnett Searle Professor of Pediatrics and Transplantation, Northwestern University Feinberg Medical School, and Director of the Siragusa Transplantation Center, Chicago, for assistance in the preparation of this report.
Synonyms of Neonatal Hemochromatosis
- congenital hemochromatosis
- neonatal iron storage disease
- No subdivisions found.
Neonatal hemochromatosis is a disorder affecting fetuses and newborns. It is characterized by liver disease associated with the accumulation of excess iron in the liver and other areas of the body. Neonatal hemochromatosis is caused by severe fetal liver disease (see below). Some severe cases result in stillbirth, while live born infants with neonatal hemochromatosis typically show signs within 48 hours of birth. Neonatal hemochromatosis often produces life-threatening complications such as liver failure. However, some infants are less severely affected than others. There is a high risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies of women who have had a child with neonatal hemochromatosis. Although the exact cause of the disorder is not fully understood, researchers believe most cases of neonatal hemochromatosis result from maternal fetal alloimmunity, a condition in which antibodies from the mother travel over the placenta and mistakenly attack the fetus.
Organizations related to Neonatal Hemochromatosis
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Copyright 2009, 2012
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