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Brucellosis

Abstract

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Synonyms of Brucellosis

  • Bang Disease
  • Brucellemia
  • Brucelliasis
  • Cyprus Fever
  • Febris Melitensis
  • Febris Sudoralis
  • Febris Undulans
  • Fievre Caprine
  • Gibraltar Fever
  • Goat Fever
  • Maltese Fever
  • Mediterranean Fever, Nonfamilial
  • Melitensis Septicemia
  • Melitococcosis
  • Neapolitan Fever
  • Phthisis

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Acute Brucellosis
  • Chronic Brucellosis
  • Localized Brucellosis
  • Subacute Brucellosis
  • Undulant Fever

General Discussion

Brucellosis is an infectious disease that affects livestock and may be transmitted to humans. It is rare in the United States, but occurs more frequently in other parts of the world. The disorder is caused by one of four different species of bacteria that belong to the genus Brucella. Initial symptoms of infection may be nonspecific including fevers, muscle pain, headache, loss of appetite, profuse sweating, and physical weakness. In some cases, the symptoms occur suddenly (acute), whereas, in others, symptoms may develop over the course of a few months. If brucellosis is not treated, the disease may take months to resolve once appropriate therapy is begun.

Brucellosis may be confined to a certain area of the body (local) or have serious widespread complications that affect various organ systems of the body including the central nervous system. Brucellosis may be prevented if people drink only pasteurized cow and goat's milk. Pasteurization kills the bacteria that cause the disease. However, farmers and people exposed to butchered meat may also be affected by brucellosis.

Brucellosis Resources

Please note that some of these organizations may provide information concerning certain conditions potentially associated with this disorder.

Organizations:

The information in NORD’s Rare Disease Database is for educational purposes only. It should never be used for diagnostic or treatment purposes. If you have questions regarding a medical condition, always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional. NORD’s reports provide a brief overview of rare diseases. For more specific information, we encourage you to contact your personal physician or the agencies listed as “Resources” on this report.

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