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Toxoplasmosis

Abstract

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Synonyms of Toxoplasmosis

  • No synonyms found.

Disorder Subdivisions

  • No subdivisions found.

General Discussion

Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease that can be caused by contact with a microscopic parasitic organism called Toxoplasma gondii. This parasitic infection, found worldwide, can either be acquired or be present at birth (congenital). The congenital type is a result of a maternal infection during pregnancy that is transmitted to the fetus and involves lesions of the central nervous system. These lesions may lead to blindness, brain defects and more serious conditions. The disorder may be most severe when it is transmitted to the fetus during the second through sixth month of pregnancy.

Millions of people are infected with the Toxoplasma parasite, but very few exhibit symptoms because a healthy person's immune system usually keeps the parasite from causing illness. For people with a compromised immune system, such as those with HIV-AIDs, toxoplasmosis can be a serious disorder.

The most common ways in which the acquired form is spread include cleaning a cat's litter box, eating contaminated meat that is raw or under-cooked, and drinking contaminated water.

Toxoplasmosis Resources

Organizations:

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