Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome
You are reading a NORD Rare Disease Report Abstract. NORD’s full collection of reports on over 1200 rare diseases is available to subscribers (click here for details). We are now also offering two full rare disease reports per day to visitors on our Web site.
NORD is very grateful to Allen E. Bale, MD, Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, for assistance in the preparation of this report.
Synonyms of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome
- basal cell nevus syndrome
- Gorlin-Goltz syndrome
- Gorlin syndrome
- Hermans-Herzberg phakomatosis
- No subdivisions found.
The nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) is a rare, complex genetic disorder characterized by a wide variety of developmental abnormalities and a predisposition to developing certain forms of cancer, particularly a type of skin cancer known as basal cell carcinoma. The specific symptoms and severity of NBCCS can vary greatly from one individual to another, even among members of the same family. Multiple organ systems can become involved. Common symptoms include multiple basal cell carcinomas, recurrent keratocystic odontogenic tumors of the jaws, pits of the palms and soles, and skeletal malformations. Some affected individuals may have distinctive facial features. The onset of specific symptoms can vary occurring anywhere from infancy through adulthood. NBCCS is caused by mutations in the PTCH1 gene and is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, but a significant fraction of cases are sporadic (due to new mutations) with no previous family history.
In 1894, the first patients with NBCCS were described in the medical literature by two different doctors. However, it was not until 1960 that two physicians (Drs. Robert Gorlin and Robert Goltz) wrote the first in-depth description of NBCCS as a distinct clinical entity. Consequently, the disorder is also known as Gorlin syndrome or Gorlin-Goltz syndrome. Over the years, case reports and series have continued to expand the range of symptoms and physical findings that can be associated with NBCCS, and there are now more than 100 different recognized features.
Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome Resources
NORD Member Organizations:
(To become a member of NORD, an organization must meet established criteria and be approved by the NORD Board of Directors. If you're interested in becoming a member, please contact Susan Olivo, Membership Manager, at firstname.lastname@example.org.)
The information in NORD’s Rare Disease Database is for educational purposes only. It should never be used for diagnostic or treatment purposes. If you have questions regarding a medical condition, always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional. NORD’s reports provide a brief overview of rare diseases. For more specific information, we encourage you to contact your personal physician or the agencies listed as “Resources” on this report.
The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) web site, its databases, and the contents thereof are copyrighted by NORD. No part of the NORD web site, databases, or the contents may be copied in any way, including but not limited to the following: electronically downloading, storing in a retrieval system, or redistributing for any commercial purposes without the express written permission of NORD. Permission is hereby granted to print one hard copy of the information on an individual disease for your personal use, provided that such content is in no way modified, and the credit for the source (NORD) and NORD’s copyright notice are included on the printed copy. Any other electronic reproduction or other printed versions is strictly prohibited.
Copyright 1990, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2013
NORD's Rare Disease Information Database is copyrighted and may not be published without the written consent of NORD.