Warm Antibody Hemolytic Anemia
You are reading a NORD Rare Disease Report Abstract. NORD’s full collection of reports on over 1200 rare diseases is available to subscribers (click here for details). We are now also offering full Rare Disease reports to visitors who register on our website, for free. If you have already registered or if you are a subscriber, clicking the link to view the full report will give you an opportunity to log in. You will also be able to register or to reset your password. Registration is free and we do not share your information with anyone else, but you are limited to two full reports a day.
NORD is very grateful to Charles H. Packman, MD, Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chief, Hematology-Oncology Section, Carolinas Medical Center, for assistance in the preparation of this report.
Synonyms of Warm Antibody Hemolytic Anemia
- idiopathic warm antibody hemolytic anemia
- primary warm antibody hemolytic anemia
- warm antibody autoimmune hemolytic anemia
- warm reacting antibody disease
- warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia secondary to IgM autoantibodies
- warm-reactive AIHA secondary to IgM
Warm antibody hemolytic anemia is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the premature destruction of healthy red blood cells by autoantibodies. Autoimmune diseases occur when the body's natural defenses against foreign organisms (e.g., lymphocytes, antibodies) destroy healthy tissue for unknown reasons. Normally, red blood cells have a life span of approximately 120 days before they are removed by the spleen. The medical term for low levels of circulating red blood cells is anemia. Anemia may cause fatigue, a pale skin color (pallor), yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice) and the passage of blood in the urine (hemoglobinuria), which gives the urine a dark brown color. Warm antibody hemolytic anemia is classified as an autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), an uncommon group of disorders in which the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy red blood cells.
Organizations related to Warm Antibody Hemolytic Anemia
The information in NORD’s Rare Disease Database is for educational purposes only. It should never be used for diagnostic or treatment purposes. If you have questions regarding a medical condition, always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional. NORD’s reports provide a brief overview of rare diseases. For more specific information, we encourage you to contact your personal physician or the agencies listed as “Resources” on this report.
The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) web site, its databases, and the contents thereof are copyrighted by NORD. No part of the NORD web site, databases, or the contents may be copied in any way, including but not limited to the following: electronically downloading, storing in a retrieval system, or redistributing for any commercial purposes without the express written permission of NORD. Permission is hereby granted to print one hard copy of the information on an individual disease for your personal use, provided that such content is in no way modified, and the credit for the source (NORD) and NORD’s copyright notice are included on the printed copy. Any other electronic reproduction or other printed versions is strictly prohibited.
Copyright 1990, 2000, 2008, 2012
NORD's Rare Disease Information Database is copyrighted and may not be published without the written consent of NORD.