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Meningococcal Meningitis

Abstract

You are reading a NORD Rare Disease Report Abstract. NORD’s full collection of reports on over 1200 rare diseases is available to subscribers (click here for details). We are now also offering two full rare disease reports per day to visitors on our Web site.

NORD is very grateful to Rino Rappuoli, PhD, Global Head of Vaccines Research, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics, Siena, Italy, for assistance in the preparation of this report.

Synonyms of Meningococcal Meningitis

  • bacterial meningococcal meningitis
  • epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis

Disorder Subdivisions

  • No subdivisions found.

General Discussion

Meningococcal meningitis is a form of meningitis caused by a specific bacterium known as Neisseria meningitidis. Meningitis is characterized by inflammation of the membranes (meninges) around the brain or spinal cord. This inflammation can begin suddenly (acute) or develop gradually (subacute). Symptoms may include fever, headache, and a stiff neck, sometimes with aching muscles. Nausea, vomiting and other symptoms may also occur. Skin rashes occur in about half of all individuals with meningococcal meningitis.
Meningococcal meningitis is still associated with a high mortality rate and persistent neurological defects, particularly among infants and young children. Meningococcal meningitis without antibiotic therapy is uniformly fatal.

Organizations related to Meningococcal Meningitis

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