Chronic Granulomatous Disease
NORD gratefully acknowledges Mary C. Dinauer, MD, PhD, Department of Pediatrics and Department of Pathology & Immunology, St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, for assistance in the preparation of this report.
Synonyms of Chronic Granulomatous Disease
- chronic dysphagocytosis
- chronic granulomatous disease
- congenital dysphagocytosis
- fatal granulomatous disease of childhood
- granulomatosis, chronic, familial
- granulomatosis, septic, progressive
- impotent neutrophil syndrome
Subdivisions of Chronic Granulomatous Disease
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited primary immune deficiency disorder that affects certain white blood corpuscles (neutrophils, monocytes, macrophages, eosinophils). The disorder is characterized by an inability to resist repeated infectious diseases and a tendency to develop chronic inflammation. Life-threatening recurrent fungal and bacterial infections affecting the skin, lungs, and bones may occur along with swollen areas of inflamed tissues known as granulomas that can be widely distributed. Symptoms usually begin in infancy or childhood. Individuals with mild forms of the disorder may not develop symptoms until the teens or adulthood. Chronic granulomatous disease is a genetic disorder and is caused by inherited defects in an important enzyme in white blood cells that manufactures oxidants for microbial killing.
NORD Member Organizations
1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1997, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2012, 2015
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