Vulvovaginitis is a common bacterial infection characterized by the simultaneous inflammation of the external parts of the female genital organs (vulva) and the canal that leads from the uterus to the external opening (vagina). It is one of the most common causes of genital symptoms in women. When only the vagina is inflamed, the disorder is called vaginitis. The symptoms and treatments of vulvovaginitis depend on the specific bacteria that caused the disorder.
The most common types of vulvovaginitis are genital candidiasis (also called yeast infection), trichomoniasis, and nonspecific vaginitis (also called haemophilus vaginalis vaginitis, bacterial vaginitis or gardnerella vaginalis vaginitis). Some types of vulvovaginitis are more rare than others.
Vulvovaginitis occurs when the normal acid/base balance of the vagina is disturbed. Yeast, fungi and other harmful organisms that are normally present in non-symptomatic concentrations may grow in excessive amounts causing infection of the vaginal walls.