This information is provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD).
CDKL5 deficiency disorder is a genetic disorder that causes seizures, developmental delay, and severe intellectual disability. Seizures typically begin within a few months after birth and are difficult to control with medications. Most children have 1 to 5 seizures every day. Other symptoms include problems with sleeping, feeding, and teeth grinding. Gastrointestinal symptoms are also common and may include constipation, reflux, and air swallowing. About 1 in 5 children use a feeding tube. CDKL5 deficiency disorder occurs more often in females than males, and males usually have more severe symptoms. This disorder is caused by a change (pathogenic variant) in the CDKL5 gene that is usually not inherited from either parent (de novo). It is an X-linked dominant disorder. CDKL5 deficiency disorder was once thought to be a variant of Rett syndrome but is now considered a separate disorder.
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