This information is provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD).
Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) is a genetic disorder that is characterized by tall height; skinny, long limbs; long, skinny fingers and toes (arachnodactyly); multiple joint deformities present at birth (congenital contractures), usually of the elbows, knees, hips, fingers and ankles; “crumpled”-looking ears; and curvature of the spine (kyphoscoliosis). Enlargement (dilation) of the aorta and other features might also be present in some affected people. CCA is caused by mutations in a gene called FBN2 gene and is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. CCA shares similiar signs and symptoms to Marfan syndrome; however, Marfan syndrome is not caused by mutations in the FBN2 gene. Treatment includes physical therapy or surgery for joint contractures, bracing and/or surgery for kyphoscoliosis, and standard management of aortic root dilation.
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