This information is provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD).
Liddle syndrome is a rare, inherited condition that is primarily characterized by severe high blood pressure (hypertension) that often develops at an early age. Although the condition may not be associated with signs and symptoms initially, untreated hypertension can eventually lead to heart disease or stroke. Affected people may also have low levels of potassium in the blood (hypokalemia) and metabolic alkalosis. Liddle syndrome is caused by mutations in either the SCNN1B or SCNN1G genes and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Treatment may include a low sodium diet and potassium-sparing diuretics to reduce blood pressure and normalize potassium levels. Conventional anti-hypertensive therapies are not effective.
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