This information is provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD).
Marshall-Smith syndrome (MRSHSS) is a genetic disorder in which individuals typically have advanced bone age, difficulties gaining weight (failure to thrive), unique facial features, and intellectual disability. Other signs and symptoms of this condition may include eye abnormalities, breathing difficulties, and neurological issues. Individuals may also have heart defects, an increased amount of body hair (hirsutism), and flat feet (pes planus).
MRSHSS is caused by mutations in the NFIX gene. Most individuals with MRSHSS are the first in their family with this condition and are said to have a spontaneous (de novo) mutation. Although there is no specific treatment or cure for MRSHSS, there may be ways to manage the symptoms. A team of doctors is often needed to figure out the treatment options based on each person’s symptoms. Aggressive management of the early breathing and feeding problems may improve survival in individuals affected by this condition.
For more information, visit GARD.