Neonatal onset multisystem inflammatory disease (NOMID) is an inflammatory disorder present from birth (congenital) characterized by tissue damage of the nervous system, skin, and joints. Individuals with NOMID have a skin rash that is present from birth and persists throughout life. Other symptoms may include: headaches, seizures, and vomiting resulting from chronic meningitis (inflammation of the tissue that covers and protects the brain and spinal cord); intellectual disability; episodes of mild fever; and hearing and vision problems. NOMID is the most severe form of the cryopyrin associated periodic syndromes (CAPS) caused by mutations in the NLRP3 (CIAS1) gene. About 50% of affected individuals with NOMID are found to have mutations in this gene. This condition is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Treatment may include the use of medications to suppress the process of inflammation, such as anti-inflammatories, corticosteroids, and interleukin-1 beta receptors.
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