This information is provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD).
Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a rare disorder that affects the nervous system. Symptoms include rapid, multi-directional eye movements (opsoclonus), quick, involuntary muscle jerks (myoclonus), uncoordinated movement (ataxia), irritability, and sleep disturbance. The onset of OMS is usually abrupt and often severe. The disease may become chronic. OMS typically occurs in association with tumors (neuroblastomas), or following a viral or bacterial infection. Treatment may include corticosteroids or ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone). When there is a tumor present, treatment may include chemotherapy, surgery, and/or radiation. In some cases, when the underlying cause of OMS is treated, symptoms improve.
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