This information is provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD).
Ovarian small cell carcinoma is a rare form of ovarian cancer that typically occurs in young women. It is typically an aggressive cancer that can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. There are two types of ovarian small cell carcinoma: hypercalcemic and pulmonary. Approximately 2/3 of individuals with ovarian small cell carcinoma have the hypercalcemic type. Symptoms are fairly nonspecific and are similar to other types of ovarian cancer. Symptoms may include: bloating, pelvic or abdominal pain, and appetite changes. Treatment may involve surgery to remove the tumor/tumors if the cancer is detected at an early stage, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
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