This information is provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD).
Papillary thyroid carcinoma is a form of cancer that occurs due to abnormal and uncontrolled cell growth of certain cells (follicular cells) of the thyroid. Many people with papillary thyroid carcinoma have no signs or symptoms of the condition. When present, symptoms may include a small lump at the base of the neck, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, trouble breathing, and pain in the neck or throat. Although people of all ages may be diagnosed with the condition, women between ages 30 and 50 are most commonly affected. The cause of papillary thyroid carcinoma is currently unknown. Risks for developing thyroid cancer include a history of high-dose external radiation treatments to the neck and radiation exposure during nuclear plant disasters. The best treatment options depend on many factors, but may include surgery, radiation therapy (including radioactive iodine therapy), chemotherapy and thyroid hormone therapy.
For more information, visit GARD.