Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Syndromes
You are reading a NORD Rare Disease Report Abstract. NORD’s full collection of reports on over 1200 rare diseases is available to subscribers (click here for details). We are now also offering two full rare disease reports per day to visitors on our Web site.
NORD is very grateful to Amos Etzioni, MD, Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology, Director of Meyer Children's Hospital, Bat-Galim, Haifa, Israel, for assistance in the preparation of this report.
Synonyms of Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Syndromes
- LAD syndromes
- congenital disorder of glycosylation type II c
- LAD I
- LAD II
- LAD III
- leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I
- leukocyte adhesion deficiency type II
- leukocyte adhesion deficiency type III
- Rambon-Hasharon syndrome
Leukocyte adhesions deficiency (LAD) syndromes are a group of rare disorders affecting the immune system. LAD syndromes are characterized by defects affecting how white blood cells (leukocytes) respond and travel to the site of a wound or infection. Three distinct types of leukocyte adhesion syndrome have been identified. The specific symptoms and the severity of LAD syndromes vary from one person to another. All affected individuals develop an increased susceptibility to developing recurrent bacterial and fungal infections. Additional symptoms may occur depending upon the specific subtype present. LAD syndromes are caused by mutations of specific genes that contain instructions for creating certain proteins that are necessary for white blood cells to travel from the bloodstream to the site of an infection or inflammation. Individuals with severe forms of LAD may have near complete absence of these proteins. Individuals who have milder forms of LAD syndromes have deficient levels of these proteins, but retain some residual protein activity.
Organizations related to Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Syndromes
The information in NORD’s Rare Disease Database is for educational purposes only. It should never be used for diagnostic or treatment purposes. If you have questions regarding a medical condition, always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional. NORD’s reports provide a brief overview of rare diseases. For more specific information, we encourage you to contact your personal physician or the agencies listed as “Resources” on this report.
The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) web site, its databases, and the contents thereof are copyrighted by NORD. No part of the NORD web site, databases, or the contents may be copied in any way, including but not limited to the following: electronically downloading, storing in a retrieval system, or redistributing for any commercial purposes without the express written permission of NORD. Permission is hereby granted to print one hard copy of the information on an individual disease for your personal use, provided that such content is in no way modified, and the credit for the source (NORD) and NORD’s copyright notice are included on the printed copy. Any other electronic reproduction or other printed versions is strictly prohibited.
Copyright 2009, 2012
NORD's Rare Disease Information Database is copyrighted and may not be published without the written consent of NORD.