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Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Abstract

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Synonyms of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

  • Gayet-Wernicke Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Korsakoff Amnesic Syndrome
  • Korsakoff Psychosis
  • Korsakoff Syndrome
  • Psychosis Polyneurotica
  • Wernicke Disease
  • Wernicke Encephalopathy
  • Wernicke Syndrome

General Discussion

Wernicke syndrome and Korsakoff syndrome are related disorders that often occur due to a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1). Wernicke's syndrome, also known as Wernicke encephalopathy, is a neurological disease characterized by the clinical triad of confusion, the inability to coordinate voluntary movement (ataxia), and eye (ocular) abnormalities. Korsakoff's syndrome is a mental disorder characterized by disproportionate memory loss in relation to other mental aspects. When these two disorders occur together, the term Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is used. In the United States, most cases occur in alcoholics.

Some researchers believe Wernicke and Korsakoff syndromes are separate yet related disorders; others believe them to be different stages of the same disorder or disease spectrum. Wernicke syndrome is considered the acute phase with a shorter duration and more serious symptoms. Korsakoff syndrome is considered the chronic phase and is a long-lasting condition.

Organizations related to Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Please note that some of these organizations may provide information concerning certain conditions potentially associated with this disorder.

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