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PIK3CA-Related Overgrowth Spectrum - Video

The animated videos in NORD’s Rare Disease Video Library provide brief introductions to rare disease topics for patients, caregivers, students, professionals and the public. NORD collaborates with medical experts, patient organizations, videographers and Osmosis to develop the videos, which are made possible by individual donations, educational grants and corporate sponsorships. NORD is solely responsible for the content.


General Discussion

Summary

PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS) includes a group of genetic disorders that leads to overgrowth of various body parts due to changes (mutations) in the gene PIK3CA. This gene is involved in making a protein that helps regulate cell growth, division and survival. A broad array of disorders falls within this spectrum, with some overlap of symptoms between the different disorders. Syndromes within the spectrum may also overlap genetically, meaning they may share specific PIK3CA gene mutations in cells in the areas of the body that are affected. Since PIK3CA mutations in these disorders are not present in all cells, only certain areas of the body are overgrown, ranging from isolated digits to whole limbs, trunk, or brain. Different tissues may be involved individually or in combination such as fat, muscle, bone, nerve, brain and blood vessels. Genetic mutations that cause these disorders are not passed down from parent to child but instead result from changes to genes during development in the womb. Symptoms associated with these disorders can be present at birth (congenital) or appear later in early childhood. Overgrowth may stop in childhood or continue into adulthood.

Synonyms of PIK3CA-Related Overgrowth Spectrum

  • PROS

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