NORD gratefully acknowledges Stefano Bonini, MD, Professor and Chairman, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Rome Campus BioMedico, for assistance in the preparation of this report.
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a chronic, non-contagious allergic disorder with seasonal recurrences usually appearing during the spring or warm weather. VKC is caused by a hypersensitivity to airborne-allergens. It usually affects younger members of the population, ages 3-25 and most patients are males. Major symptoms include itching, sensitivity to light (photophobia) and redness. Signs consist of inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the inside of the eyelid (conjunctiva) and the outer coat of the eyeball (sclera); hard, cobblestone-like bumps (papillae) on the upper eyelid; and stringy or mucous discharge.
The information in NORD’s Rare Disease Database is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of a physician or other qualified medical professional.
The content of the website and databases of the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is copyrighted and may not be reproduced, copied, downloaded or disseminated, in any way, for any commercial or public purpose, without prior written authorization and approval from NORD. Individuals may print one hard copy of an individual disease for personal use, provided that content is unmodified and includes NORD’s copyright.
National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD)
55 Kenosia Ave., Danbury CT 06810 • (203)744-0100