This information is provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD).
Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD) is a condition that occurs in the jaw bone, especially close to where the teeth are formed. People with FCOD develop lesions in the jaw, were spots of normal bone are replaced with a mix of connective tissue and abnormal bone. The lesions are often found in equal numbers and size on both sides of the jaw. People with FCOD rarely have symptoms and it is usually found with dental x-rays during a routine dental examination.
The cause of FCOD is unknown, and it does not usually run in families. It mainly occurs in middle aged women of African American and Asian descent. The number, size, and shape of the lesions can be different from person to person. Occasionally the lesions expand or get infected and may cause discomfort, pain, or mild disfigurement. Treatment for this condition is observation and avoiding infections of the mouth and teeth. The long-term outlook for people with FCOD is good.
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