Meesmann corneal dystrophy (MECD) is a rare genetic condition affecting the clear front covering of the eye (cornea). It is characterized by the development of multiple tiny round cysts in the outermost layer of the cornea (corneal epithelium). Over time, these cysts can break open (rupture) and cause irritation and erosions. Symptoms usually appear around adulthood and may include light sensitivity (photophobia), redness, and pain. Vision remains good in most individuals, but some individuals can have temporary episodes of blurred vision. MECD can be caused by mutations in the either the KRT3 gene or the KRT12 gene and is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. While there is no cure for MECD, symptoms are usually effectively managed with use of lubricating eye drops.
For more information, visit GARD.