This information is provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD).
Shapiro syndrome is a rare neurological disease characterized by recurrent episodes of excessive sweating and hypothermia along with agenesis of the corpus callosum. The duration and frequency of the episodes vary from person to person, with some episodes lasting hours to weeks and occurring from hours to years; the reason for the variations in the episodes is not yet known. The cause of the condition is currently unknown; however, suggested possible mechanisms include hypothalamic dysfunction, neurochemical abnormalities, inflammatory processes, and epileptic activity. Treatment aims to address the symptoms present in each individual and may include re-warming with a warm blanket and the use of medications with varying success.
For more information, visit GARD.