NORD gratefully acknowledges Alan P. Farwell, MD, Chief, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Director, Endocrine Clinics,Boston Medical Center, Associate Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, for assistance in the preparation of this report.
Synonyms of Graves’ Disease
- Basedow Disease
- Exophthalmic Goiter
- Graves' hyperthyroidism
- Parry Disease
- Toxic Diffuse Goiter
Subdivisions of Graves’ Disease
- Graves' Dermopathy
- Graves' Orbitopathy
- Graves' Ophthalmopathy
Graves’ disease is a disease affecting the thyroid and often the skin and eyes. The thyroid is a gland and is part of the endocrine system, the network of glands that secrete hormones that regulate the chemical processes (metabolism) that influence the body’s activities as well as regulating the heart rate, body temperature, and blood pressure. Hormones are secreted directly into the bloodstream where they travel to various areas of the body. Graves’ disease is characterized by abnormal enlargement of the thyroid (goiter) and increased secretion of thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism). Thyroid hormones are involved with many different systems of the body and, consequently, the specific symptoms and signs of Graves’ disease can vary widely from one person to another. Common symptoms include unintended weight loss, an abnormal intolerance of heat, muscle weakness, fatigue and protrusion or bulging of the eyeballs from their sockets. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease.
NORD Member Organizations
1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2016
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